An ovulation problem occurs when eggs don’t mature in the ovaries or when the ovaries fail to release a mature egg. Ovulation problems are common in women with infertility.
There are various causes of ovulation problems including:
- Early or premature menopause.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
- Hormone problems – most women with ovulation problems have hormonal imbalances, for example, too much prolactin hormone. This hormone is produced by the pituitary gland that lies just beneath the brain and helps with milk production. Too little or too much thyroxine hormone also affects fertility. Other ovulation problems can start in the ovaries or in the pituitary gland and hypothalamus. They produce hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. These hormones are vital to normal ovulation.
- Structural problems such as ovarian cysts or other reproductive organs can cause changes in a woman’s ovulation schedule.
- Long-term (chronic) illnesses. Some women with severe chronic illnesses may not ovulate.
- Chemotherapy medicines and street drugs such as cannabis and cocaine can also affect your ability to ovulate.
- Certain genetic problems. Genetic means that you are born with it and it is passed on through families through special codes inside cells called genes.
- Other general problems. Problems that affect the metabolism such as thyroid problems can affect a woman’s ovulation schedule. So can serious illness, emotional stress, overweight and low weight, and getting too much exercise.
Possible symptoms: Absent or infrequent periods, unusually light or heavy menstrual bleeding